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The Emergence of Protolanguage by Michael A. Arbib download in ePub, pdf, iPad

Atkinson argues that these bottlenecks also

These mechanisms may have played an evolutionary role in enabling the development of intentional vocal communication as a supplement to gestural communication. The use of intonations improved over time, and eventually, individuals acquired sufficient vocal control to invent new words to objects. As a result, these babies needed to be reassured that they were not being abandoned.

Instead of punishing deviations from accepted usage, listeners must prioritize imaginative mind-reading. On the contrary, they seem to want to advertise to the world their access to socially relevant information, broadcasting that information without expectation of reciprocity to anyone who will listen.

At first, offspring learned the calls from their parents by imitating their lip-movements. Atkinson argues that these bottlenecks also affected culture and language, suggesting that the further away a particular language is from Africa, the fewer phonemes it contains. The regions on the cortex that are responsible for mouth and hand movements border each other. This shows that gestures are an intrinsic and important part of primate communication, which supports the idea that language evolved from gesture.

In particular, supporters of Noam Chomsky argue against the possibility that the mirror neuron system can play any role in the hierarchical recursive structures essential to syntax. This enabled the learning of words with several syllables, which increased vocabulary size. It involves addressing the evolutionary emergence of human symbolic culture as a whole, with language an important but subsidiary component.

At first offspring learned the calls