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Chinese Society - Change and Transformation by Li Peilin download in ePub, pdf, iPad

The peasants produced for themselves not only agricultural products but most of the handicraft articles they needed. These are the questions we shall now deal with. Social Sciences Academic Press.

China has aAs distinct social

As distinct social classes, the Chinese bourgeoisie and proletariat are new-born and never existed before in Chinese history. China has a population of million, or almost a quarter of the world total. Most of the rich peasants in China are semi-feudal in character, since they let a part of their land, practice usury and ruthlessly exploit the farm labourers. Hence although the mass of revolutionary intellectuals in China can play a vanguard role or serve as a link with the masses, not all of them will remain revolutionaries to the end. The present stage of the Chinese revolution is a stage of transition between the abolition of the colonial, semi-colonial and semi-feudal society and the establishment of a socialist society, i.

Block-printing was invented about A. The foreign concessions were areas which the imperialist powers seized in the treaty ports after compelling the Ching government to open these ports. But they generally engage in labour themselves and in this sense are part of the peasantry. It is wrong to regard the national revolution and the democratic revolution as two entirely different stages of the revolution. It is a task at once glorious and arduous.

The intellectuals can overcome their shortcomings only in mass struggles over a long period. On the one hand, it is oppressed by imperialism and fettered by feudalism and consequently is in contradiction with both of them. Clearly then the protracted revolutionary struggle in the revolutionary base areas consists mainly in peasant guerrilla warfare led by the Chinese Communist Party. Thirdly, because the Chinese proletariat by origin is largely made up of bankrupted peasants, it has natural ties with the peasant masses, which facilitates its forming a close alliance with them. The leadership in this twofold revolutionary task devolves on the Chinese Communist Party, the party of the proletariat, without whose leadership no revolution can succeed.